SbKalmanAEC5RefV1
Overview
Five reference frequency domain subband adaptive echo cancellation filter
Discussion
Subband Kalman based multi-reference echo canceler with support for multiple input channels.
I/O Pins
This module works in conjunction with the WOLA filterbank modules and accepts complex data. The default module has two input pins, and one output pin. The first input can have any number of microphone signals. The second input is for the reference channels, which can be any number depending on the module used.
For best performance, use the best fitting SbKalmanAEC module:
one reference: SbKalmanAECMonoV1
two references: SbKalmanAECStereoV1
three references: SbKalmanAEC3RefV1
four references: SbKalmanAEC4RefV1
five or more references: SbKalmanAECMCV1
The reference signals and states are shared among the microphones, saving memory and MIPS over using several instances. The error output pin will have one channel per microphone input.
User Parameters
At instantiation time the maximum number of taps must be defined. The number of taps actually used is runtime parameter numTaps, found in the module inspector or the module properties view. numTaps allows you to vary the filter length at runtime to verify performance and CPU load.
The module has optional residual noise suppression which is enabled via enableRNS. By default, residual noise suppression is on to help remove residual echo. Residual noise suppression is configured by a 7 element interpolation table. This table is identical to the Table X-Y module with configurable (X, Y) lookup points. The lookup table specifies values in dB for the input and output function.
The p0 variable is used to initialize the P and PXTerm arrays at startup time and during any triggered reset events. p0 defaults to 1.0. Changing this value during runtime will automatically reset P and PXTerm to the new value.
The smoothingTime variable, with units of seconds, is a state transition factor analogous to the leakage factor in a leaky lms algorithm. It defaults to 30, which has a convergence time roughly equivalent to a setting of 100 in the deprecated SbMultiAECV1 module.
The FFTSize parameter is set at instantiation and used to calculate an internal adaptation constant. This is normally the FFT size of the WOLA Analysis module upstream of this module. FFTSize is often (blocksize-1) * 2 unless sub bands are split to multiple AECs.
Optional Input Pins
Additional input pins can be enabled with resetPinsEn. These control pins can be used to modify the behavior of the module at runtime, as described below:
resetP: One INT32 value per microphone channel. Non-zero values will reset P and PxTerms for the appropriate mic channel to p0 on each pump.
masterReset: Single INT32 value and one channel input. A non-zero value will reset all internal states to their default values for all microphones.
freeze: This pin must have one INT32 value per microphone channel. A non-zero value will freeze adaptation of the filter weights for that channel. The existing frozen filter weights will continue to be applied, but the RNS weights will reset since they are highly dependent on reference levels.
Optional Output Pins
Three module arguments can be used to add rns weights and debug outputs.
outputRNSWeights: Enabling this will output the RNS weights (the W2 array) on an output pin. The output pin will have one channel per microphone. The W2 weights are real and there is one value per input bin. When enabled, the W2 weights are not applied to the output error signal.
outputAECWeights: This argument will output the AEC weights (the WW1 array) on an output pin if set to true. The pin will have numRefs * maxTaps channels per microphone input. The WW1 weights are complex, and channels are ordered [c1r1t1, c2r1t1 .. cCr1t1 .. c1rRt1, c2rRt1, c1r1t2 .. cCrRtT ], where c1 is mic channel 1, c2 is mic channel 2, C is number of mic channels, t# is tap number, T is maxTaps, r# is ref channel, and R is number of reference channels.
outputPVals: If set to true, this argument will enable two additional output pins - P array, and PXTerm array. Both output pins will have one channel per microphone input.
The P array is all real values, and is ordered per channel as [b1t1c1 b1t1c2 ... b1t1CC b1t2c1 b1t2c2 ... b1tTcC b2t1c1 b2t1c2 ... b2t1CC ... bBtTc1 bBtTc2 ... bBtTcC], where c1 is ref channel 1, C is number of reference channels, t# is tap number, T is maxTaps, b# is bin number, and B is number of input bins.
The PXTerm array is complex, and is ordered per channel as [b1t1x1 b1t1x2... b1t1xX b1t2x1 ... b1tTx1 ... bBtTxX], where t# is tap number, T is maxTaps, b# is bin number, B is number of input bins, x is the cross term number, and X is the number of cross terms.
Type Definition
typedef struct _ModuleSbKalmanAEC5RefV1
{
ModuleInstanceDescriptor instance; // Common Audio Weaver module instance structure
INT32 maxTaps; // Maximum length of the filter
INT32 numTaps; // Current length of the filter
FLOAT32 V; // Adaptation constant
FLOAT32 smoothingTime; // Time constant of the smoothing process.
FLOAT32 A; // Smoothing factor
FLOAT32 p0; // Starting value for covariance estimate
INT32 enableRNS; // Enable residual noise suppression
INT32 firstRun; // First run for setting P from p0 on startup
FLOAT32 FFTSize; // FFT Size used for WOLA (WOLA numBins)
INT32 stateIndex; // Circular buffer index. [0 numTaps-1]
INT32 logicInputsEnabled; // track if reset input pins are enabled
INT32 enableW2Output; // tracker for rns weight output enable
INT32 enableWOutput; // tracker for aec weight output enable
INT32 enablePVOutput; // tracker for rns weight output enable
INT32 scratchIndex; // tracker for which pin scratch is on
INT32 RNS_numPoints; // Number of values in the lookup table. The total table size is [maxPoints 2].
INT32 RNS_order; // Order of the interpolation. This can be either 2 (for linear) or 4 (for pchip).
FLOAT32* WW1; // Adaptive filter coefficients.
FLOAT32* P; // Real estimation error covariance matrix.
FLOAT32* PXTerm; // Estimation error covariance matrix - the off-diagonal terms.
FLOAT32* CC; // Complex state variables (previous inputs).
FLOAT32* corrC; // Stores all the correlation between reference signals per bin and tap - diagonal part. Real number.
FLOAT32* corrCXTerm; // Correlation between ref channels - the off-diagonal terms.
FLOAT32* W2; // Residual noise suppression weights.
FLOAT32* RNS_table; // Lookup table. The first row is the X values and the second row is the Y values.
FLOAT32* RNS_polyCoeffs; // Interpolation coefficients returned by the grid control.
} ModuleSbKalmanAEC5RefV1Class;
Variables
Properties
Name | Type | Usage | isHidden | Default value | Range | Units |
maxTaps | int | const | 0 | 16 | Unrestricted | samples |
numTaps | int | parameter | 0 | 16 | 1:1:16 | samples |
V | float | derived | 0 | 0.97154 | Unrestricted | |
smoothingTime | float | parameter | 0 | 30 | 0.1:1000 | sec |
A | float | derived | 0 | 1 | 0:1 | |
p0 | float | parameter | 0 | 1 | Unrestricted | |
enableRNS | int | parameter | 0 | 1 | 0:1:1 | |
firstRun | int | state | 0 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
FFTSize | float | derived | 1 | 512 | Unrestricted | |
stateIndex | int | state | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
logicInputsEnabled | int | const | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
enableW2Output | int | const | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
enableWOutput | int | const | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
enablePVOutput | int | const | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
scratchIndex | int | const | 1 | 3 | Unrestricted | |
RNS_numPoints | int | const | 1 | 7 | 4:1:1000 | |
RNS_order | int | const | 1 | 2 | 2:2:4 | |
WW1 | float* | state | 0 | [80 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
P | float* | state | 0 | [80 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
PXTerm | float* | state | 0 | [160 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
CC | float* | state | 0 | [80 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
corrC | float* | state | 0 | [80 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
corrCXTerm | float* | state | 0 | [160 x 32] | Unrestricted | |
W2 | float* | state | 0 | [32 x 1] | Unrestricted | |
RNS_table | float* | parameter | 1 | [2 x 7] | Unrestricted | |
RNS_polyCoeffs | float* | state | 1 | [4 x 6] | Unrestricted |
Pins
Input Pins
Name: dataIn
Description: Mic inputs
Data type: float
Channel range: Unrestricted
Block size range: Unrestricted
Sample rate range: Unrestricted
Complex support: Complex
Name: reference
Description: Reference input
Data type: float
Channel range: 5
Block size range: Unrestricted
Sample rate range: Unrestricted
Complex support: Complex
Output Pins
Name: errorSignal
Description: Error signal = difference between filter output and each channels data input
Data type: float
Scratch Pins
Channel count: 1
Block size: 26
Sample rate: 48000
MATLAB Usage
File Name: sb_kalman_aec_5ref_v1_module.m
M = sb_kalman_aec_5ref_v1_module(NAME, MAXTAPS, FFTSIZE, RESETPINSENABLE, OUTPUTRNSWEIGHTS, OUTPUTAECWEIGHTS, OUTPUTPVALS))
Frequency domain subband echo canceler using a Kalman filter based
algorithm. four reference channels, multiple input channels.
Arguments:
NAME - name of the module.
MAXTAPS - maximum length of each frequency domain complex adaptive filter
FFTSIZE - fft size used for input data (typically (# WOLA
subbands-1)*2
RESETPINSENABLE - creates 3 optional input pins for controlling behavior of module.
- The resetP pin resets all P and PXTerm values to initial p0 value
- The masterReset pin resets all internal states to initial values (including P) for all channels
- The freeze pin can freeze the adaptation in the filter. Current weights are still applied
OUTPUTRNSWEIGHTS - optional output pin for RNS weights
OUTPUTAECWEIGHTS - optional output pin for AEC weights
OUTPUTPVALS - optional output pin for P values
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