SineGenControlFract32
Overview
Sine wave generator with frequency taken from a control pin
Discussion
Sine wave generator in which the frequency is taken from an input pin. The module requires setting sample rate and blocksize as input arguments. If the module is instantiated with the optional ISQUAD set to 1, the module will act as a quadrature sine oscillator, with the single output pin sending out the quadrature signal in interleaved form. In quadrature mode, the output contains two interleaved channels. The first channel represents the real portion of the oscillator (cosine) and the second channel represents the imaginary portion (sine). When using the quadrature output, a Deinterleave module can be used following the module to separate the sine and cosine outputs.
Internally, the module uses complex rotation around the unit circle to achieve the sine and cosine outputs. The complex vector [stateReal stateImag] has unity magnitude and is repeatedly multiplied by another unity magnitude complex vector [incReal incImag]. [incReal incImag] is computed at the start of each block process using the value on the input pin. Only the first sample from the input pin is used as the frequency and this frequency is applied across the entire block.
[stateReal stateImag] represents the instantaneous phase with stateReal representing the cosine output and stateImag representing the sine output. The initial values of [stateReal and stateImag] are determined by the startPhase parameter. startPhase is specified in degrees. The rotation vector [incReal incImag] determines the frequency of the oscillator: $\mathrm{incReal} + j \mathrm{incImag} = e^{\frac{j 2 \pi \mathrm{freq}}{\mathrm{sampleRate}}}$
Type Definition
typedef struct _ModuleSineGenControlFract32
{
ModuleInstanceDescriptor instance; // Common Audio Weaver module instance structure
FLOAT32 smoothingTime; // Time constant of the smoothing process.
FLOAT32 startPhase; // Starting phase of the sine wave
FLOAT32 currentFreq; // Internal state variable holding the smoothed frequency
fract32 stateReal; // Real part of the complex unity magnitude state variable
fract32 stateImag; // Imaginary part of the complex unity magnitude state variable
FLOAT32 smoothingCoeff; // Smoothing coefficient.
} ModuleSineGenControlFract32Class;
Variables
Properties
Name | Type | Usage | isHidden | Default value | Range | Units |
smoothingTime | float | parameter | 0 | 10 | 0:1000 | msec |
startPhase | float | parameter | 0 | 0 | 0:360 | degrees |
currentFreq | float | state | 0 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
stateReal | fract32 | state | 1 | 1 | Unrestricted | |
stateImag | fract32 | state | 1 | 0 | Unrestricted | |
smoothingCoeff | float | derived | 1 | 0.06449 | Unrestricted |
Pins
Input Pins
Name: freq
Description: Frequency in Hz
Data type: float
Channel range: 1
Block size range: Unrestricted
Sample rate range: Unrestricted
Complex support: Real
Output Pins
Name: out
Description: output data
Data type: fract32
MATLAB Usage
File Name: sine_gen_control_fract32_module.m
M=sine_gen_control_fract32_module(NAME, SR, BLOCKSIZE, ISQUAD)
Creates a sine wave generator with a control input pin. This
module has a floating-point input pin that specifies the frequency in
Hz and a fract32 output pin with the generated signal. Arguments:
NAME - name of the module.
SR - sample rate
BLOCKSIZE - number of samples per output channel.
ISQUAD - An optional Boolean forth argument specifies that this
is a quadrature oscillator with a stereo output pin. The
first output channel is the cosine portion; the second
output channel is the sine portion.