The FIR Module implements a direct convolution N-order Finite Impulse Response filter. The module operates on multiple channels with all channels sharing the same set of filter coefficients. The filter coefficients are stored in the array, coeffs, in normal order. The size of the array is numTaps x 1. The state variable array is of size numTaps*numChannels.
The module is optimized in assembly on the SHARC and the Blackfin. The SHARC implementation utilizes SIMD if the length of the filter is even and this reduces the processing load significantly. If you have an odd order filter, you can zero pad the filter with one additional zero coefficient and realize the benefits of SIMD.
On the ADI SHARC+ platforms, except ADSP-2157x and ADSP-2158x, the module make use of FIR Accelerators, in legacy mode, to optimize the processing time. All the channels are processed in FIR accelerator. On SHARC+ processor, additional memory is allocated for accelerator TCB with size of numAcceleratorChannels*13. As the accelerators access data by DMA, when the dm and pm caches are enabled, extra cycles are needed to maintain cache coherence. It is highly recommended to increase the allocation priority of this module instance in the signal flow to have a larger chance to allocate in the AWE fast heaps. In this way, the overhead from accelerator can be minimized. If any of this module instances allocated in the AWE slow heap, please note that the CPU load might be higher than without FIRA due to cache coherence maintenance. Maximum number of channels that can be processed in FIR Accelerator is limited to 32 and the remaining channels are processed by the core. i.e. FIRA channels=min(numChannels, 32)
On the processors of 2159x where 2 FIR accelerators are available with dual SHARC+ cores, two FIR accelerators are used which further reduces the processing load of multiple channels. Here the max FIRA channels = min(numChannels, 32*2). Please note that this module is not multi-core safe i.e. same module can not be used in Sharc1 and Sharc2 at the same time.
typedef struct _ModuleFIR
ModuleInstanceDescriptor instance; // Common Audio Weaver module instance structure
INT32 numTaps; // Length of the filter.
INT32 stateIndex; // Index of the oldest state variable in the array of state variables.
FLOAT32* coeffs; // Filter coefficient array in normal order.
FLOAT32* state; // State variable array. The size of the array equals stateLen * numChannels.
void * hardware_specific_struct_pointer; // This is the internal TCB array used for ADI FIR accelerator
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Description: audio input
Data type: float
Channel range: Unrestricted
Block size range: Unrestricted
Sample rate range: Unrestricted
Complex support: Real
Description: audio output
Data type: float
File Name: fir_module.m
Creates an FIR filter object for use in the Audio Weaver environment.
The module has a single multichannel input pin.
NAME - name of the module.
L - length of the filter (number of taps).